In a joint statement by Singh and Obama, India and the United States reaffirmed the terms of the nuclear agreement and stressed their moratorium on nuclear testing and the growing need to work for global non-proliferation. Instead, the achievements of the agreement have been measured at different scales – the most important is the creation of diplomatic and economic relations between India and the United States – which take on enormous importance in relation to the total alienation of the two countries after the Indian nuclear test of 1974. For example, between 1955 and 1974, after concluding a 123-member agreement with India, the United States became India`s leading supplier of nuclear technology and materials, as well as training Indian scientists and $93 million in loans and grants to atoms for peace. India detonated its first nuclear weapon in 1974 and became a full-fledged nuclear state in 1998. Similarly, the United States made the first nuclear reactor available to the country after the conclusion of a 123-nation agreement with Pakistan in 1962. While Pakistan at the time concealed its nuclear weapons intentions in Washington, today it is also a nuclear-weapon state, some of which were supported by the United States from the beginning of their launch. September 19, 2008: U.S. assurances on the delivery of nuclear fuel to India are a “political obligation” and the government cannot “legally” force U.S. companies to sell a “given product” in New Delhi, senior congressional council officials say. The agreement was initially supported by the United States, the United Kingdom,[95] France,[96] Japan,[97] Russia,[98] and Germany. [99] [100] After initial resistance, there have been reports of Australia[101] Switzerland[102] and Canada[103][104] expressing support for the agreement.

Blessed S. Harrison, a former head of The Washington Post`s South Asia bureau, said the deal could be a tacit recognition of India as a nuclear-weapon state,[105] while former U.S. Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Robert Joseph said the U.S. State Department had made it clear that we would not recognize India as a nuclear state. [106] If the President has obtained all the necessary guarantees from the cooperating country when concluding an agreement of 123, the agreement will function as an ex ante agreement between Congress and the executive branch, which means that the agreement will enter into force without Congress taking forcefully follow the necessary measures. In concrete terms, the statute describes a request for an uninterrupted 90-day meeting, after which the agreement will enter into force when a joint resolution on the rejection of the agreement has been adopted. U.S. domestic lawThe agreement would require substantial changes to U.S. non-proliferation legislation and long-standing non-proliferation policy, including the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended by the Non-Proliferation Act of 1978, which prohibits civil nuclear cooperation with non-nuclear-weapon States under the Non-Proliferation Treaty , which do not authorize the IAEA`s comprehensive protection measures (including India). For its part, the United States would work towards full civil nuclear cooperation with India, including India`s granting of a waiver to the Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG), which would allow members to negotiate nuclear materials with India, even though they were not part of the non-proliferation program.

Under previous sanctions, India had been isolated from the NSG. On 18 July 2005, President Bush and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh agreed on a plan for civil nuclear energy and space cooperation.