Bonnya, Somogy County

 

  Although there were both Lutheran and Reformed congregations in Bonnya, they were both filials (daughter congregations) of a Mother Church in the vicinity.  If you are tracing your family members who were Reformed, they would be included in the records of the Reformed Church in Flesö Mocsolád.  The vast majority of the Reformed families migrated to Bonnya from Nagyszekély (Gross Säckel) in Tolna County at the beginning of the 19th century and information on those families previous to that time would be found in the Nagyszekély Reformed Records.  Some Reformed families also migrated to Bonnya from Gyönk and are included in the Gyönk Reformed Church Records.

 

  The Lutheran families settled in Bonnya shortly after 1730 and some early references can be found the Roman Catholic Church Records in Kisbarápati.  Some references to the Lutheran families in Bonnya can be found in the Roman Catholic Church Records in Törokkoppany.  The vast majority of the entries associated with the Lutherans in Bonnya are in the church records of the Lutheran Church in Somogydörörcske (usually referred to as Döröschke) after 1787, which later officially became Bonnya’s Mother Church in 1806 after a large influx of settlers from Somogydöröcske.

 

  While visiting in Bonnya a number of years ago I discovered an old journal that had been kept by the Becht Lehrer (teacher) in a wooden box in the Reformed church.  The journal records births and deaths of the Reformed congregation from 1900-1941 and the Lutheran records from 1893-1941.

 

  When there was intermarriage between Lutherans and Reformed, the marriage is usually registered in the church records of the bride.  When searching for the children of a family in a mixed marriage, the girls were usually raised in the religion of their mother, and the boys followed the religion of their fathers and as a result you will have to look in both sets of records to get a picture of the whole family.

 

Ecsény, Somogy County

 

  The origins and beginnings of the settlement of the village by German Lutherans from the Tolna and Baranya County cannot be determined but it is estimated between 1750-1760.  The Lutheran Church Records begin in 1784, which followed a massive influx of new setters as part of the final phase of the Schwabenzug (Swabian Migration) under the direction of Joseph II.  Few if any of these settlers came directly from Germany but rather from the Tolna and Baranya.  In addition to the village itself the Mother Church here also served numerous filial congregations in the area, including Ráksi, Somogyvámos, Polány, Hács, Somodor, Toponár and German Lutheran families living in Felsö Mocsolád.

 

Felsö Mocsolád, Somogy County

 

  The first settlers were Reformed Hessians who arrived in 1723 and a congregation was established during that year.  Later, Hessian Lutherans joined them, most of them coming from Tolna County.  Among their numbers were also Heidebauern from Moson County.  Hungarian Reformed settlers from Zala County followed and gradually became the majority.  The congregation became a Mother Church and served a filial congregation in Bonnya that consisted of the German settlers from Nagyszékely and Gyönk in Tolna County in the early 19th century.  The local German population eventually either moved elsewhere or assimilated with their Hungarian neighbours and often changing their family names in doing so.

 

Gadács, Somogy County

 

  The inhabitants of the village referred to their community as Gadatsch in their local Hessian dialect.  Settlers from Somogydöröscke established the village prior to 1814.  Like the families in their former community they were Lutherans and became a filial of the Mother Church in Somogydöröscke.  Later, settlers from the Tolna also moved into the community.

 Hács, Somogy Gounty 

  The community was mixed in terms of the religious confessions of the families but all of them were of German origin.  The first settlers were Roman Catholics who were soon joined by Lutherans from Tolna County and other communities from within Somogy County around 1828.  The Lutherans were numerous enough by 1855 to build their own church but remained a filial of Ecsény.

 Karád, Somogy County 

  This Hungarian Roman Catholic parish included the German Lutherans in Kötcse in its jurisdiction after 1745 when the congregation there that was organized in 1725 was declared outlawed and the original church records were lost.  The Lutherans in Kötcse formed their own congregation after the Edict of the Toleration in 1784 but up until then all baptisms, marriages and burials were recorded in Karád.

 Kisbarápati, Somogy County 

  The records of this Hungarian Roman Catholic parish include entries related to German Lutherans living in Fiad, Bonnya and Felsö Mocsolád beginning in 1741 and up to 1784.

 Kötcse, Somogy County 

  This German Lutheran and Hungarian Reformed community was founded in the mid 1720s.  The original records of the Lutheran congregation have not been located but existed up to 1745 at which time the Lutheran church was burned down by a mob and the congregation was outlawed and placed under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic parish of Karád up until the Edict of Toleration.  The congregation was legally established in 1784 and the church records were begun again.

 Magyarod, Somogy County 

  This small community was established on a puszta east of Somogyszil in the late 18th century and attracted German Lutheran settlers, primarily from Somogydöröcske and Kötcse.  All references to it are to be found in the Lutheran church records in Somogydöröcske.  When Gadács was established in its near vicinity the German Lutherans left Magyarod and resettled there.

 Polány, Somogy County 

  The village had a mixed population of Hungarian Roman Catholics and German Lutherans.  The first Lutheran settlers came from Tolna County and Somogydöröcske in around 1780 and a second wave of settlers arrived around 1860 with most of the new families coming from Somogyszil, Somogyvámos and Lajos Komarom in Veszprem County.  The Lutherans formed a filial congregation connected to the Mother Church in Ecsény where all of the information with regard to the families can be found.

 Ráksi, Somogy County 

  The village was mixed in terms of nationality and religious confession.  There was a Hungarian Roman Catholic majority and a German Lutheran minority most whom settled there after 1850 and originally came from Ecsény where all entries about these families can be found.

 Somodor, Somogy County 

  This puszta was first settled in 1834 when the first German Lutheran family arrived and in the next few years one or two other families joined them.  In 1847 a larger group arrived from various other communities, including Keszö Hidekgút and Gyönk from Tolna County and Ecsény and Somogydöröcske in Somogy County.  Within five years there were over fifty families that had settled there and became a filial of Ecsény.  This German Lutheran community vanished within one generation because of the limited opportunities to buy land and the need to provide for large families led to another migration primarily to Slavonia.    

 Somogydöröcske, Somogy County 

  Although many official histories of the village indicate it was first settled in the 1750’s the Roman Catholic Church Records in nearby Törökkoppany include entries for German Lutheran settlers living in the newly emerging village as early as 1738.  The Lutherans were placed under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic priest in Törökkoppany until the time of the Edict of Toleration when in 1787 the Lutherans were allowed to form an official congregation and call a pastor.  All of the early information on the families can be found in the Roman Catholic Church Records as indicated.

 

  Somogydöröcske would become a Mother Church and included the following communities as part of its parish:  Magyarod, Bonnya, Gadacs and Somogyszil.

 

  Very few of the families who settled here came directly from Germany, the vast majority came from various communities in Tolna County, while a significant number came from Kötcse to the north in Somogy County, the first German Lutheran settlement in Somogy County.

 Somogyszil, Somogy County 

  This was a large Hungarian market town prior to the arrival of the German Lutheran settlers. The first known German Lutheran settlers who arrived in Somogyszil were Nikolaus Stickl and Johannes Wolf, both of Somogydöröcske in 1830.  The Taubert family from Felsö Naná followed who publicized the availability of land and positions in Somogyszil, which led to a massive influx of German speaking settlers from Tolna County, especially from Izmeny.  In addition to these settlers there were also numerous Hiedebauern families who settled here from Lajos Komarom in Veszprem County.  The vast majority of those families had previously lived in Pusztavám in Fejer County.

 

  Somogyszil was a filial of Somogydöröcske and contains the entries for the Lutherans in that community.

 Somogyvámos, Somogy County 

  It was often simply referred to as Vámos by the German population.  The Hungarian Roman Catholics formed a majority in the village.  The first German settler was Philip Bruder from Ecsény in 1814 and he was soon followed by many more from the same community and they formed a filial congregation of the Mother Church in Ecsény where all of the information for these families can be found.

 Tab, Somogy County   

  A Slovak Lutheran Church existed here early in the 18th century and became an Artikular Church, which meant it was one of the two legal Lutheran congregations in Somogy County at the time.  Throughout its history there were German Lutherans who also lived in the town and were members of the congregation.  In addition there were others who lived in nearby Kápoly, Nagócs, Torváy, Totker, Kötcse, Somogydöröcske and Zics who were served by the pastor.

 Toponár, Somogy County 

  There were Lutheran settlers living in the village, Hungarians, Heidebauern and Hessian families.  They formed a small filial of the Mother Church in Ecsény where the family information can be found.

 Törokkoppany, Somogy County 

  This Roman Catholic parish from its inception following the expulsion of the Turks had the German Lutheran settlers in Somogydöröcske and Szarazd under its jurisdiction up until after the Edict of Toleration in 1781 and the two communities later were successful in establishing legal congregations of their own.  These early records begin in 1738.  There are also entries for Egres, Bonnya, Felsö Mocsolád, Karád, Andócs and Ecsény.  

2 Responses to “ Helpful Hints In Researching in Somogy County ”

  1. Vicki Scheib says:

    I want to thank the person responsible for the research and content on this page. I’m second immigrant, oldest of my father, who was the last of 18 children. By the time I could ask questions on my heritage my grandparents were gone.

    Your site has given me wonderful information that I can follow to the next step to find my ancestors in Hungary. Thank you, thank you, thank you!

  2. I was reading your web page by accident. My forefather Taubert is mentioned as one of the first settlers. Does anybody have more details about the Taubert’s?I also know that the protesant church in Somogyszil was founded by the Taubert family. One Taubert daughter married a Spantler from Miklosi.
    I appreciate any info.

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